1962 – Chile

World Cup 1962 Final

1962 World Cup champion: The Brazilian team with captain Mauro Ramos holding the Jules Rimet trophy

World Cup 1962 Facts

World Cup 1962 Poster

1962 World Cup poster

  • Date: 30 May – 17 June
  • Final: Brazil – Czechoslovakia 3-1
  • 3rd place: Chile – Yugoslavia 1-0
  • Teams: 16
  • Stadiums: 4
  • Host cities: 4
  • Matches played: 32
  • Goals: 89
  • Attendance: 899,074
  • Top scorers: Garrincha (Brazil), Vavá (Brazil), Leonel Sánchez (Chile), Dražan Jerković (Yugoslavia), Flórián Albert (Hungary), Valentin Ivanov (Soviet Union) (4 goals)

World Cup 1962 Background

Both 1954 and 1958 World Cups were held in Europe. According to the South American countries it was about time for a World Cup to be hosted again in continent South America. The CONMEBOL (South American) Federations were so serious about this; they threatened to boycott the 1962 World Cup if FIFA would decide to choose a European country again. This boycott would not be the first time, since the 1938 World Cup experienced similar issues.

3 countries in total showed interest in hosting the 7th World Cup: West Germany, Argentina and Chile. West Germany withdrew before the vote as requested by FIFA, in order to ensure the 1962 World Cup would be held in South America. This meant the voting process was between Argentina and Chile. Argentina showed lots of confidence regarding their infrastructure and was the favourite initially; however president of the Chilean football federation Carlos Dittborn, ultimately convinced several football associations about their ability to organize a World Cup successfully.

Chile received 32 votes and Argentina a total of 11 votes. So on June 10 1956 in Lisbon, it was officially announced Chile gained more votes than Argentina. Therefore Chile became the 1962 World Cup host country. No boycott took place.

On May 22 1960, the devastating Valdivia earthquake occurred in Chile, the most powerful earthquake ever. Stadiums and infrastructure were severely damaged, but it was president of the Chilean football federation Carlos Dittborn who kept showing confidence and pleaded to FIFA to keep the 1962 World Cup in Chile. Back in 1956, during the 30th FIFA congress, he spoke the famous words: Porque nada tenemos, lo haremos todo (Because we have nothing, we will do everything). These words became an unofficial slogan of the 1962 World Cup, which started to have a different meaning after the earthquake took place.

1 of the 1962 World Cup stadiums was named after him; however he passed away 1 month and 2 days before the World Cup started.

World Cup 1962 Background

4 host cities in Chile

World Cup 1962 Participants

56 teams entered the qualification rounds in order to be 1 of the 14 teams to play in the 1962 World Cup. 16 countries participated in total. Chile automatically qualified since they were hosting the 1962 World Cup and Brazil qualified automatically since they won the previous World Cup in 1958.

8 places for Europe were allocated to the following countries: Soviet Union, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, England and Bulgaria which qualified for the first time.

3 places for South America excluding Chile and Brazil were allocated to the following countries: Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia which qualified for the first time.

3 intercontinental play-offs had to be played by 6 countries which didn’t qualify directly:

  • UEFA country Spain against CAF country Morocco
  • UEFA country Yugoslavia against AFC country South Korea
  • CONMEBOL country Mexico against CONCACAF country Paraguay

Both UEFA countries Spain and Yugoslavia and CONCACAF country Mexico won these play-offs and therefore qualified last minute for the 1962 World Cup. Due to Mexico’s win, a CONCACAF country participated as well in the 1962 World Cup.

For the 2nd time in a row no African or Asian countries qualified. The 1962 World Cup was the last World Cup where only countries from Europe and the Americas qualified for. 

World Cup 1962 Match Ball

1962 World Cup match ball “Crack” – Worst World Cup ball

World Cup 1962 Groups

Not much has changed when it comes to the group format. The 1958 format which introduced a new standard was used again with only some small modifications. There are 4 groups with each group containing 4 teams. The top 2 teams would advance to the Quarter Finals.

The point system didn’t change; 2 points were rewarded for a win and 1 point for a draw. The goal average, introduced in the 1958 World Cup, was again implemented but with a small change. Unlike the 1958 World Cup, the goal average was this time used for any teams with equal points in the group phase. This means no play-offs were played anymore by teams which together occupy the 2nd place in a group. If necessary, the goal average rule would decide every team’s  group position.

From the Quarter-Finals on, the knockout phase, there would be 30 minutes extra play time when the match ends in a draw. If the match is still a draw after 30 minutes, lots would be drawn. Again the number 1 teams of the groups played against the number 2 teams of other groups in the Quarter-Finals as was introduced in the 1958 World Cup.

The Final had a different rule; the match had to be replayed if the match ended in a draw after the extra 30 minutes play time.

During the World Cup no lots needed to be drawn and the Final was not replayed. But, 1 time the goal average had to be used to determine which country would advance to the next round. This was in group 4 between England and Argentina. England obtained a higher goal average and therefore advanced to the Quarter-Finals. For Argentina the World Cup was over.

The 4 seed countries were Brazil, England, Italy and Uruguay. They were kept apart from each other and were placed in different groups.

FIFA by the way started to name the first round groups as ‘groups’ and not as ‘pools’. This name change was implemented since the 1962 World Cup.

The groups were as followed:

Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4
Soviet Union
Yugoslavia
Uruguay
Colombia
West Germany
Chile
Italy
Switzerland
Brazil
Czechoslovakia
Mexico
Spain
Hungary
England
Argentina
Bulgaria
World Cup 1962 Logo

1962 World Cup logo containing the Estadio Nacional

World Cup 1962 Stadiums

It was not planned to use only 4 host cities and 4 stadiums. The plan was to use a total of 8 host cities. Santiago, Viña del Mar, Rancagua and Arica eventually hosted World Cup matches. But the original plan was to use the cities Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia as well.

Unfortunately what happened was the Valdivia earthquake on May 22 1960, the most powerful earthquake ever. More than 2 million people were affected and cities were severely damaged such as Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia. Therefore the 4 cities were cancelled as host cities and as a result the 1962 World Cup calendar had to be completely changed. The infrastructure and stadiums were rebuilt at record speed and the 1962 World Cup was able to start as planned without any delays.

 The following 4 cities and 4 stadiums were used in Chile:

Estadio Nacional
Location: Santiago
Opened: 1938
Capacity: 66,660
Matches: 10
Status: Is Chile's national stadium, is renovated in 2010 and is Chile's largest stadium
Estadio Sausalito
Location: Viña del Mar
Opened: 1929
Capacity: 18,037
Matches: 8
Status: Still exists and is a multi-purpose stadium
Estadio Braden Copper Co.
Location: Rancagua
Opened: 1945
Capacity: 18,000
Matches: 7
Status: Goes by the name Estadio El Teniente and is currently being renovated
Estadio Carlos Dittborn
Location: Arica
Opened: 1962
Capacity: 17,786
Matches: 7
Status: Still exists and is a multi-purpose stadium

World Cup 1962 Schedule

Group 1 matches
Date Home Team Results Away Team
30 May Uruguay 2:1 (0:1) Colombia
31 May Soviet Union 2:0 (0:0) Yugoslavia
02 June Yugoslavia 3:1 (2:1) Uruguay
03 June Soviet Union 4:4 (3:1) Colombia
06 June Soviet Union 2:1 (1:0) Uruguay
07 June Yugoslavia 5:0 (2:0) Colombia
Group 1 results
TeamPlayedWonDrawLostGoals ForGoals AgainstPoints
Soviet Union3210855
Yugoslavia3201834
Uruguay3102462
Colombia30125111
Group 2 matches
Date Home Team Results Away Team
30 May Chile 3:1 (1:1) Switzerland
31 May Germany FR 0:0 Italy
02 June Chile 2:0 (0:0) Italy
03 June Germany FR 2:1 (1:0) Switzerland
06 June Germany FR 2:0 (1:0) Chile
07 June Italy 3:0 (1:0) Switzerland
Group 2 results
TeamPlayedWonDrawLostGoals ForGoals AgainstPoints
Germany FR3210415
Chile3201534
Italy3111323
Switzerland3003280
Group 3 matches
Date Home Team Results Away Team
30 May Brazil 2:0 (0:0) Mexico
31 May Czechoslovakia 1:0 (0:0) Spain
02 June Brazil 0:0 Czechoslovakia
03 June Spain 1:0 (0:0) Mexico
06 June Brazil 2:1 (0:1) Spain
07 June Mexico 3:1 (2:1) Czechoslovakia
Group 3 results
TeamPlayedWonDrawLostGoals ForGoals AgainstPoints
Brazil3210415
Czechoslovakia3111233
Mexico3102342
Spain3102232
Group 4 matches
Date Home Team Results Away Team
30 May Argentina 1:0 (1:0) Bulgaria
31 May Hungary 2:1 (1:0) England
02 June England 3:1 (2:0) Argentina
03 June Hungary 6:1 (4:0) Bulgaria
06 June Hungary 0:0 Argentina
07 June England 0:0 Bulgaria
Group 4 results
TeamPlayedWonDrawLostGoals ForGoals AgainstPoints
Hungary3210825
England3111433
Argentina3111233
Bulgaria3012171
Quarter-Finals
Date Home Team Results Away Team
10 June Chile 2:1 (2:1) Soviet Union
10 June Yugoslavia 1:0 (0:0) Germany FR
10 June Brazil 3:1 (1:1) England
10 June Czechoslovakia 1:0 (1:0) Hungary
Semi-Finals
Date Home Team Results Away Team
13 June Brazil 4:2 (2:1) Chile
13 June Czechoslovakia 3:1 (0:0) Yugoslavia
Match for third place
Date Home Team Results Away Team
16 June Chile 1:0 (0:0) Yugoslavia
Final
Date Home Team Results Away Team
17 June Brazil 3:1 (1:1) Czechoslovakia

World Cup 1962 Memorable Matches

Group Matches

Group 1 Soviet Union – Colombia 4-4
Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica – attendance: 8,040

An exiting match this was although Colombia didn’t reach the 2nd round. In 11 minutes 3 goals were scored by Soviet Union. 2 goals by Valentin Ivanov and 1 goal by Igor Chislenko. Colombian Germán Aceros managed to change the score into 3-1 in the first half. 11 minutes after the 2nd half, Viktor Ponedelnik scored the 4th goal for Soviet Union. With only 35 minutes to go, it seemed pretty obvious Colombia was beaten! But they proved otherwise. In a time span of 20 minutes, Colombia managed to change the score into 4-4! Marcos Coll, Antonio Rada and Marino Klinger were responsible for the goals. The goal of Marcos Coll became infamous because of 2 factors! First of all it was an Olympic Goal (direct goal from a corner)! This was the first and last time so far this has happened in World Cup history. 2nd of all, the ball passed legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin! Soviet Union managed to top the group anyway and advanced together with Yugoslavia.

Group 2 West Germany – Italy 0-0
Estadio Nacional, Santiago – attendance: 65,440

This was the first time both countries encountered each other in a World Cup. This match showed this typical defensive style many teams were using in this tournament. Both teams were using the famous catenaccio defensive system. This system is designed to prevent goals from being scored and to score by only using the counter attacks, changing defense suddenly in attack mode. No team scored any goal.

Chile – Italy 2-0 (Battle of Santiago)
Estadio Nacional, Santiago – attendance: 66,057

The group match Chile against Italy is 1 of the worst matches ever played. Not because of the result, but because of the way both teams played against each other. The reason seemed to be 2 Italian journalists who wrote negative articles about Chile. The match was violent and aggressive with players (high) kicking and punching one another. This infamous match has the infamous name Battle of Santiago. 1 of many disgraceful actions was Chilean forward Leonel Sánchez breaking the nose of Italian forward Humberto Maschio behind the referee’s back. This resulted in a high kick by Mario David aiming for Leonel Sánchez’s head. Only 2 Italian players, Mario David and Giorgio Ferrini, were sent off. However this amount could have easily been more. Chile was able to score 2 times in the last 20 minutes of the match. The first goal was scored by Jaime Ramírez and the 2nd by Jorge Toro. At the end of the match, both teams had to leave the pitch under police protection. Italy was eliminated and Chile advanced together with West Germany.

Group 3 Brazil – Czechoslovakia 0-0
Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar – attendance: 14,903

No goals were scored in Brazil’s 2nd group match. Both countries did advance to the next round. This match turned out to be Pelé’s final match of the 1962 World Cup. Pelé started the World Cup well by scoring 1 of the goals in the first match against Mexico. But in this match he suffered a torn thigh muscle. Pelé had to be replaced by Amarildo who showed excellent skills in the tournament. But it was the fantastic dribbling skills of Garrincha which became memorable. With many quality players, Brazil managed to win the World Cup without Pelé.

Group 4 England – Argentina 3-1
Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua – attendance: 7,134

The first time both countries encountered one another was in this match. However, their famous rivalry would only start in the next World Cup. England won this match with 3 goals scored by Ron Flowers, Bobby Charlton and Jimmy Greaves. Argentinian José Sanfilippo scored Argentina’s only goal 9 minutes before the final whistle. But the group ended with Argentina and England having equal points! Both had 3 points. This meant for the first and only time in World Cup history, the goal average rule had to determine which country would advance to the next round. By using this rule it was England which joined Hungary to the next round. England scored 2 more goals in total in the group phase than Argentina which was therefore eliminated.

Quarter-Finals

Soviet Union – Chile 1-2
Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica – attendance: 17,268

It was not expected but it happened: Chile was able to defeat the great Soviet Union. Leonel Sánchez scored the first goal of the match after 11 minutes. Igor Chislenko scored the equalizer for Soviet Union a few minutes later. But Chilean player Eladio Rojas scored the final goal of the match. Rojas was so excited when scoring against Soviet Union; he hugged the ‘unbeatable’ goalkeeper Lev Yashin first before his team mates!

Brazil – England 3-1
Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar – attendance: 17,736

With Pelé being injured, Garrincha nicknamed Little bird, showed a great performance in this World Cup. This includes this match against England where he scored 2 goals resulting in the 3-1 end score. Gerry Hitchens scored for England and Vavá scored for Brazil as well. England lost with 3-1, the same end score of the group match against Argentina. In this match something pretty unique happened. During the match a dog invaded the pitch for a few minutes! He was eventually caught by English striker Jimmy Greaves. The dog did urinate on his jersey though!

A dog invading the match

Semi-Finals

Chile – Brazil 2-4
Estadio Nacional, Santiago – attendance: 76,500

Chile was full of confidence, especially after eliminating Soviet Union. But Brazil ended Chile’s 1962 World Cup adventure. Both Garrincha and Vavá scored 2 goals. A goal by Jorge Toro and a penalty scored by Leonel Sánchez resulted in the 2-4 score. Both Garrincha and Sánchez scored their last World Cup goal in this match and became 2 of the 1962 World Cup top scorers with 4 goals. In this match an important player was sent off. It was Brazilian Garrincha. Normally he would have missed the Final. But the Brazilian Football Association succeeded in getting his ban overturned by FIFA. Chile ended the tournament with their heads up by beating Yugoslavia with 1-0 in the match for the third place. Brazil advanced to the Final for the 3rd time, with Garrincha.

Yugoslavia – Czechoslovakia 1-3
Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar – attendance: 5,890

2 countries against each other which today do not exist anymore. They encountered each other for the first and last time in World Cup history. Czechoslovakia won this match due to 2 goals scored by striker Adolf Scherer in the last 10 minutes of the match. His 2nd goal was a penalty. Josef Kadraba scored the first goal for Czechoslovakia and Dražan Jerković the only goal for Yugoslavia. Czechoslovakia entered the Final for the very last time. Yugoslav Jerković became one of the 1962 World Cup top scorers with 4 goals.

World Cup 1962 Final

Brazil and Czechoslovakia encountered each other in the Final. Brazil played 2 Finals before in 1950 and 1958 and Czechoslovakia played only 1 Final back in 1934.  Both countries were placed in the same group and therefore have played against each other in a group match before the Final. The score however ended in 0-0. All the other matches were won by Brazil. Czechoslovakia lost 1 group match against Mexico with a 3-1 score.

Both countries encountered each other before in the 1938 World Cup. In that tournament they placed against each other twice as well. The first match ended in a draw and the rematch in a win for Brazil.

World Cup 1962 Final

The 1962 Brazilian team

On the 17th of June In Santiago, in Estadio Nacional with 68,679 attendees, the Final was held between the 2 group members. The Final was missing Brazilian star player Pelé who was playing his 2nd World Cup. He became injured during the 2nd group match and was replaced by Brazilian player Amarildo who also played the World Cup Final.

Like in the 1958 World Cup Final, Brazil’s opponent made the first goal. In this Final it was Czechoslovakian player Josef Masopust who scored the first goal after 15 minutes in the first half of the match. But again like in 1958, the goal woke up the Brazilian team and 2 minutes later in the 17th minute, the score changed into 1-1.  The goal scorer was Amarildo and due to a mistake by Czechoslovakian keeper Viliam Schrojf, the ball entered the goal.

World Cup 1962 Final

Garrincha ‘who single-handedly won this World Cup’, joins Amarildo who scored Brazil’s first goal

In the 2nd half, Brazil was properly warmed up and scored their 2nd goal (69′) by player Zito. It didn’t take much time for the 3rd and final goal to be scored. This time it was player Vavá (78′) who became the goal scorer, where keeper Viliam Schrojf made another error. Due to this goal, Vavá became 1 of the many top scorers of the 1962 World Cup. He also became the first player to have scored in 2 World Cup Finals (1958,1962). 

World Cup 1962 Final

Vavá scores the final goal of the match

The score ended in 3-1 and Brazil was for the 2nd time World Cup champion. Brazil joined Uruguay and Italy as the best World Cup teams, which also won 2 World Cup Finals. It wouldn’t take that long though before Brazil would surpass both countries.

World Cup 1962 Final

Vavá celebrates the fact he scored in 2 World Cup Finals

Czechoslovakia would never play in another World Cup Final again.

World Cup 1962 Final

Brazil = Yellow (Coach: Aymoré Moreira)
Czechoslovakia = White (Coach: Rudolf Vytlačil)

World Cup 1962 Song

From this tournament on, there is no more World Cup without an anthem, excluding Mexico 1970. Starting with the 1962 World Cup in Chile, the anthem is in Spanish and is named El Rock del Mundial (The World Cup Rock). The song is sung by Los Ramblers who expected at least 1 gooooaaaaaal de Chile during the World Cup. The song became a hit in South America with over 2 million copies sold. After more than 50 years Los Ramblers are still performing.

World Cup 1962 Records

  • 2 countries qualified for the first time: Colombia and Bulgaria
  • First and only World Cup so far where the goal average had to be used to determine who would continue to the next round,  Argentina was eliminated and England advanced to the next round
  • Only World Cup where there are 6 top scorers
  • Only World Cup where the top scorers have ‘only’ scored 4 goals
  • First World Cup where the goal average rule is for any team in the group phase, eliminating the possibility of playing any play-offs
  • 3rd World Cup where no extra-time matches have been played
  • Czechoslovakian player Vaclav Masek scored the fastest goal (15 seconds) in a World Cup match (against Mexico), a record that was beaten in the 2002 World Cup
  • Brazil is the 3rd country to have won a World Cup 2 times
  • Brazil is the 2nd and last country so far to have won 2 consecutive World Cups
  • Brazilian forward Vavá is the first player to have scored a goal in 2 World Cup Finals (1958, 1962)
  • Brazilian goalkeeper Gilmar is the first and only goalkeeper so far to have won 2 consecutive World Cups in the starting position
  • Colombia scored an Olympic Goal (direct goal from a corner) against Soviet Union, which is the first and last time so far this has happened in World Cup history
  • This World Cup has the lowest goal average per match: 2.78, due to the defensive playing system Catenaccio
  • Brazilian winger Garrincha is the first player to have won the Golden Boot, Golden Ball and the tournament (after the Golden Ball was retrospectively awarded)
  • First World Cup to introduce a World Cup song
  • Mexico finally won their first World Cup match (against Czechoslovakia) after having played a record of 13 World Cup matches without having won once from 1930 till 1962

Did You Know

  • This World Cup is known for the defensive playing style Catenaccio teams adopted (mainly West Germany and Italy), which was used not to win matches but to avoid losing them, goals were scored on the counterattack with a quick change from defense into attack
  • First World Cup where groups are referred as groups and not as pools
  • This World Cup is known for the high level of aggressiveness in several matches
  • This World Cup is generally considered as 1 of the more disappointing tournaments due to the low amount of goals, defensive play and psychical brutality in certain matches
  • Last World Cup which was not televised live in Europe, which changed due to the arrival of the Telstar satellite
  • Colombia would only qualify for their next World Cup in 1990
  • Last World Cup which only contained European and American participants
  • Forward José Altafini playing for Italy, participated in the 1958 World Cup for the Brazilian team, meaning if he hadn’t switched to the Italian team for this World Cup, he had won his 2nd World Cup
  • Brazilian trainer Aymoré Moreira is the brother of trainer Zezé Moreira, who was the coach of the Brazilian team in the 1954 World Cup, the only brothers who have coached the same country in a World Cup
  • Spanish player Alfredo di Stefano pulled a muscle just before the 1962 World Cup, which meant he could not participate in the World Cup
  • Last World Cup where players were allowed to join national teams while having played in different national teams in previous World Cups
  • Chilean players had a very interesting strategy before each match. They ate chocolate (or cheese some say) before playing against Switzerland, spaghetti before playing against Italy and drunk vodka before playing against Soviet Union and Brazilian coffee before playing against Brazil
  • Crack match ball was made by local supplier Zamora in Chile
  • Crack match ball is the first and last World Cup match ball model to use octagon panels instead of the 18 panels normally used in that time
  • Crack match ball was not a success, the ball absorbed lots of water, lost their colour in the sun and wasn’t meeting European standards, resulting in the use of several European balls for the World 1962 World Cup matches

World Cup 1962 FIFA Awards

  • Golden Ball: Garrincha (Brazil)
  • Silver Ball: Josef Masopust (Czechoslovakia)
  • Bronze Ball: Leonel Sánchez (Chile)
  • Golden Boot: Garrincha (Brazil), Vavá (Brazil), Leonel Sánchez (Chile), Dražan Jerković (Yugoslavia), Flórián Albert (Hungary), Valentin Ivanov (Soviet Union) (4 goals)
  • Silver Boot: Amarildo (Brazil), Lajos Tichy (Hungary), Milan Galić (Yugoslavia), Adolf Scherer (Czechoslovakia) (3 goals)
  • Bronze Boot: Giacomo Bulgarelli (Italy), Igor Chislenko (Soviet Union), José Sasía (Uruguay), Viktor Ponedelnik (Soviet Union), Uwe Seeler (West Germany), Ron Flowers (England), Jorge Toro (Chile), Jaime Ramírez (Chile), Eladio Rojas (Chile) (2 goals)
  • Best Young Player Award: Flórián Albert (20 years) (Hungary)
World Cup 1962 FIFA Awards

Leonel Sánchez (Chile)

World Cup 1962 FIFA Awards

Garrincha (Brazil)

 

World Cup 1962 FIFA All-Star Team

This is the first and last time Soviet Union is included in an All-Star Team. It is Russian Valeriy Voronin who will forever be the only Soviet Union player listed in an All-Star Team. Chile was for the first time included. For Brazilian player Djalma Santos this is the 3rd and last time he is included, and for his teammate Garrincha it is the 2nd time to be included in an All-Star Team. For Czechoslovakia it is the last and final time to be included in a FIFA All-Star Team.

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards
Viliam Schrojf (Czechoslovakia)Djalma Santos (Brazil)
Cesare Maldini (Italy)
Valeriy Voronin (Soviet Union)
Karl-Heinz Schnellinger (West Germany)
Zagallo (Brazil)
Zito (Brazil)
Josef Masopust (Czechoslovakia)
Vavá (Brazil)
Garrincha (Brazil)
Leonel Sánchez (Chile)

World Cup 1962 in Action

1962 World Cup documentary

15 great goals

Remembering a genius and a Final 50 years on

Viva Brazil – 1962 Official World Cup Movie (in Portuguese)

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